Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem

Polis as the Prototype of a Contemporary Community

Oniszczuk, Jerzy

Warsaw School of Economics

345.74 KB

pobrano 96 razy

Abstrakt

The Greek polis is the birthplace of a culture whose influence persisted despite the fall of the very form of polis. This culture plays a significant part in the life of communities of today, especially in the domain of the so-called Western culture. Polis means both state and city, but most of all it is “a society, a community of people living together”. This form of governance enabled equal citizens to exercise direct supervision over their governments. Polis itself was not an invention of ancient Greeks, but the public nature thereof, especially in the form of the debate-based democracy and the rule of law – not of people – turned out to be their contribution to the idea of a city-state. Democracy as a common form of a political system can be found particularly in the Greek culture of polis. The general notions deriving from the Greek polis, i.e. citizenship, democracy,
equality, independence, autonomy or justice, express a desire for a better life of an
individual in a community. The democracy of classical times, characterised by equal
citizenship and freedom of speech, is considered as the first one to moderate fierce
social-economic disputes. It is this polis that made it possible for philosophy and science
to develop. The modern-day discussion on the state in a globalised and increasingly
urbanised world can surely benefit from a reflection on the civil and legal dimensions
of polis.

Metadane

Czasopismo Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem 
Tom 11 
Numer 3 
Data wydania 9/2019 
Typ Article 
Język en
Paginacja 33-55
DOI 10.7206/kp.2080-1084.319
ISSN 2080-1084
eISSN 2450-7938