Central European Management Journal

CSR initiatives in SMEs: employee perception and their influence on employment decisions

Marcinkowska, Elżbieta Sawicka, Joanna

AGH University of Science and Technology

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Purpose – Nearly half of the surveyed SMEs in Poland admitted that there is a very strong competition on the market where they operate. Among the neuralgic factors they point to the lack of qualified employees (PARP, 2021). Companies can use CSR policies to attract competent employees and retain valuable ones. Therefore, the purpose of this research paper is to find out whether, according to employees working in SME companies, an active CSR policy influences their employment-related decisions.
Design/methodology/approach – The data were collected through questionnaires received from 618 employees of 29 SMEs in Poland through questionnaires, which were analyzed with the IBM SPSS Statistics 26.0 and Microsoft Excel 2019.
Findings – The survey results provide evidence that CSR activities are an important factor in employees’ decisions about potential employment and/or continued employment. In particular, the results show that almost all areas of CSR, except cooperation with the local communities, are important to employees. The survey also provides a clear answer as to which CSR initiatives benefiting employees of SME companies are the most important for them.
Originality/value – The conducted research fills a gap in CSR related studies on the SME sector in Poland. This is important, given the significant share of SME sector companies in the market in Poland and around the world.


Czasopismo Central European Management Journal 
Tom 31 
Numer 4 
Data wydania 9/2023 
Typ Article 
Język en
Paginacja 495-510
DOI 10.1108/CEMJ-10-2022-0170
ISSN 2658-0845
eISSN 2658-2430