Central European Management Journal

Managing effective labor market entry: proactive coping and selfemployment intention among Polish small business owners

Ślebarska, Katarzyna Stremska, Aneta Kowalski, Grzegorz

University of Silesia in Katowice | SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities

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Purpose: Self-employment is considered one of the responses to precarious employment, particularly among those who lost jobs during an economic crisis. Although starting a new business is widely available, operating new ventures remains challenging. This article aims to explore the premises of self-employment success, namely self-employment intention and proactive coping as crucial predictors of further performance.

Design/methodology/approach: The authors recruited participants among initially unemployed individuals who participated in the entrepreneurial program aimed at creating self-employment. Since entrepreneurs are expected to have specific personal characteristics important for performance, the authors assessed proactive coping as the key factor for self-employment intention.

Findings: The results depicted proactive coping as crucial in performing own ventures in the long run, which suggests that self-employment intention may change over time.

Practical implications: Proactive coping is particularly appropriate for self-employed at any stage of the entrepreneurial process because it maintains the intention to perform own business. Thus, the findings underline the need for proactive coping training for entrepreneurs, particularly those previously unemployed.

Originality/value: As the self-employment intention may differ in time, the importance of being proactive in operating small businesses increases.


Czasopismo Central European Management Journal 
Tom 31 
Numer 1 
Data wydania 5/2023 
Typ Article 
Język en
Paginacja 115-129
DOI 10.1108/CEMJ-03-2022-0040
ISSN 2658-0845
eISSN 2658-2430